But now comes the question how this simple principle of brotherhood may be lived, how may it be practised. It is most difficult to teach this principle to anyone. The best way of teaching it, is living it oneself. Parents, either father or mother, who show to their children, besides fatherly love and motherly tenderness, that brotherhood, that feeling of a brother with his brothers, in this they can express themselves best to their children, and in this way the children are able to express their best to their parents. A father may be most kind, a mother most loving, but as long as he or she maintains the attitude of holding himself or herself as father, as mother; something different from the children, the children will grow to love them, but will never look upon them as friends.

          They will look for friends elsewhere, because there is no brotherhood. And when we come to the teacher, a teacher may be respected by his pupils, he may bear great dignity before his pupils, but at the same time there cannot be established that communication of inspiration and love, of sympathy, of understanding till he has practised with his pupils that manner of brotherhood. When the soldiers, millions of them, gave their lives for the great kings and generals, it was not for the general, it was for the brother. No king, no general, no commander, whatever be his honour and his position, has been able to win the hearts of those who followed him - never.

           When we hear of the great ones, the prophets, the seers, the mystics, in what way have they treated their pupils, their disciples? The story of Jesus Christ is known to all, calling the fishermen to come and sit and talk with him. The Master never felt comfortable when they called him "good." He said, "call me not good." The whole idea was, "consider me not superior to you, I am one of you." Think then the picture of the Master washing the feet of his disciples. What does it teach us? It all teaches us brotherhood. No miracle, no great power, no great inspiration, occult or mystical, can equal the phenomenon of that humility, of that fraternity, that brotherhood with which the great ones have become one with all.

           To think, friends, about the condition that humanity has passed through during the last few years and what result has been achieved from all the prejudices and disagreement and disharmony which has come up between nations and between people, and it seems that even now it is not lessening, the world seems to be going from bad to worse--the suffering in every way caused to humanity, it seems has not yet ended! No doubt life in the world is so intoxicating that man hardly stops to think about it, and the life such as it is just now has so many responsibilities that everyone, rich or poor, is so absorbed in his affairs that he hardly has a moment to think what is going on in the world. Nevertheless illness is illness, the world is ill. Yes, a person may neglect his illness and may engage his mind in something else, but if that illness is not attended to, it remains just the same. And when we look for the cause of all this disaster we may be able to find a thousand causes, and yet there is one principle cause, which is the lack of brotherhood.

           And the absence of anything one could have endured, but the world cannot be happy, and the order and peace of humanity maintained in the absence of brotherhood. The brotherhood which can be learned and that every person has the facility of learning in his life. Think of that master who is kind and who is loving to his servant, who considers his servant his brother, he is blessed. Think of that family, a family in which two members, or three members, or four, or five members, whatever be their relation, that they consider that idea of brotherhood in sharing with one another the pain and pleasure, how happy, how blessed that family will be! Think of a nation, whatever its government, whatever be its constitution, if there was this spirit of brotherhood between the people of different position, of different ranks or occupation, how blessed that nation would be! From where does injustice come, from where unfairness? It all comes from the lack of brotherhood. Think of that condition today, the courts full of cases, the prisons full of prisoners! How many disagreements between people, disharmony between nations, all that is caused by the lack of brotherhood.

           Now when we consider that question from a still deeper point of view, we shall find that in the spirit of brotherhood there is the way of illumination. A man who lives by a great principle, or prays all day, or meditates in the caves of the mountains, if he does not show the spirit of brotherhood, he is no good to himself or others. Because brotherhood is the way to develop spiritually. It is not exclusiveness, it is not running away from the world, which is the way of the real spiritual ones. It is to consider one's obligations, it is to keep by one's word, one's honour, it is to prove sincere in every little capacity in which one may be working, faithful to friends, and true before everyone. Those are the merits which develop by themselves when the spirit of brotherhood has become mature in man.

           But when we come to the metaphysical point of view we see that element attracts element. For instance, two streams of water will be attracted to one another. There will come a time when they will join together, but there will be efforts made by both to come together. Fire, starting from two ends of a certain line will be attracted, each to the other flame which is coming from the opposite end, and will meet and will become one. And so an artist is attracted to an artist, thinker to thinker, a scientist to a scientist, and the man of action to the man of action. It is not that they are attracted because there is the same element in them. No, no. It is because there is a comfort, there is a happiness there in being attracted by the same element. Think of the joy when two people of the same thought meet together. It is greater than a joy, greater than a satisfaction; it is that happiness which is promised in heaven.   

          But behind all this world of various names and forms there is one life, there is one spirit. That spirit which is the soul of all beings. That spirit is attracted towards unity. It is the absence of that spirit which keeps it unhappy. A person who has just had some unpleasantness with his brother or sister, to him food is tasteless, the night without sleep, the heart restless, the soul is under clouds. If one may ask, "What is the matter? What is closed before you?" He would give one answer if he knew, and that answer is, "That sunshine has been covered by clouds." What does it show? It shows that we live not necessarily on food. Our soul lives on love, the love that we receive, that we give and take. The absence of this is our unhappiness, and the presence of it is everything that we need. Nothing in the world is a greater healing power, that is a greater remedy, a greater happiness, than to be conscious of brotherhood and be able to give that feeling to one's child, master, neighbour, friend!

          The humble efforts made by the Sufi Movement in the service of God and humanity are towards brotherhood. In the form of devotion, of philosophy, of mysticism, or metaphysics, art, or science, or whatever form, the Sufi Movement will present to the world the ideal, the central theme of which is always brotherhood.